Arms Race in Asia

The Asia Pacific region is growing in importance. In it can be found parts of China and Japan, the second and the third largest economies in the world today. Then there is the ASEAN nations which collectively taken is one of the fastest growing economies in the world today. But all that growth and prosperity is being threatened now. Fear is spreading among the countries there and the fear has some basis. Aside from the fast growing economies, military spending is also quickly rising in the region. Some have termed it as an arms race. We all know that an arms race is like a powder keg. It only takes a small spark to make it explode.

Arms Race in the Past

There have been other arms races in the past. Virtually any time when countries tried to outdo each other, these countries would end up in a race to see who could acquire more arms and weapons. That is partly as a form of preparation should an arm conflict really come up. The one with the most number of weapons of the highest quality would naturally have a higher chance of winning. It is also partly driven by national prestige. The more expensive the weapons that are bought by a country, the better for its reputation.

One of the most famous arms races was the one between Britain, Germany and other European countries before World War Two. It was mostly a naval arms race to see who could build the most powerful navy then. Then there is the nuclear arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Arms Race in Asia

Experts fear that there is an on-going arms race now among the countries in the Asia Pacific region. This is mostly attributed to the rise of China as a world power. Its armed services are starting to rival that of the U.S. and its neighbours are getting nervous. Japan for one is not too happy with the aggressive way that China is branding itself.

Disputes

The age-old reason for conflict between countries is also the same thing fuelling this arms race. China is locked in territorial disputes with most of its neighbours. It is in dispute with Japan, the Philippines and other countries in the ASEAN. What’s worrying the experts is that the tensions are rising and the spark that could ignite an armed conflict could happen any time soon.

This fear of the might of China is driving the smaller countries to buy arms and weapons. The Philippines is starting to modernize its antiquated military that has been focused for too long on internal security threats. Japan is starting to arm seriously for the first time since World War Two. Other countries are getting ships, planes, submarines and other weapons that are needed by a modern military.

War in that part of the world can have a tremendous impact on the world. The sea lanes on the disputed waters are some of the busiest in the world. The world would be hurt if shots are fired there.

Brief Overview Of Politics In The USA

This article will give you a brief overview of the politics of the United States of America. Topics such as the different branches of the U.Sí government, itís six foundation and many more are taken into account. Take a few moments of your time to learn more about the Politics in the U.S.A.

The Written Constitution

U.S.A.ís government is based solely on a written on a single written constitution (simply called the Constitution). This constitution is so simple that it is considered as the shortest constitution in the world. It consists basically of a Preamble, various Articles and Amendments. It has a total of over 27 Amendments and 7 Articles. The written constitution created the federal government of the nation. It is basically document and its interpretation is changed every once in a while. The U.S.Aís amendment process can be difficult to amend, but still, U.S. citizens are able to make changes to it over time.

The Three Branches Of U.S.Aís Government

The written constitution created 3 separate and different government branches. Each of these branches has their own powers and influence. Also, the Constitution created certain checks and balances ensuring that no branch would have supremacy on the other branches. These three branches are enumerated as:

Legislative Branch = Consists of the Congress. The people in this branch are the ones responsible for making the federal laws of the nation. The Congress also has two different houses, that is the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Executive Branch = Consists solely of the President and the Bureaucracy. The president himself is the one who holds Executive power. The President of the U.S. is the one who enforces, administers and executes the laws.

Judicial Branch = Vested on the Supreme Court and other federal courts. It is in their power to interpret the law and to apply it through various cases that are brought to them.

The Six Foundation Principles

Here are the six basic principles of the Constitution:

Popular Sovereignty = The main point of Popular Sovereignty states that the government and its laws should be for the people. In other words, all power and responsibility of the government needs to be addressed to the welfare of the people. If not, then certain laws and regulation will be dissolved.

Limited Government = States that the power of the government is limited only to the welfare of the people. It also says that the government is given power by the people, and needs to follow the rules of the people.

Separation of Powers = Refers to the three branches of the government of the U.S., and that no branch must reign supreme over the others; each branch serving a different/specific purpose.

Checks and Balances = The checks and balances ensures that no branch becomes too powerful. Its purpose is to protect the people from others who hold powers over any of the three branches. For example; The President (Executive) will need to veto a legislation, while it is the Supreme Court (Judicial) who declares the acts and of the Congress and it is the Senate that approves the two.

Judicial Review = Pertains to the power that allows the Supreme Court (Judicial Branch) to decide if acts and laws are considered unconstitutional (interpretation of the Constitution)

Federalism = The idea that a central government doesnít have control over all powers in the U.S.A. It means that States in America have powers reserved only to them, and that they do not overlap (except special cases).